Gum disease is caused by the bacteria found in plaque. The toxins produced by these bacteria cause our bodies to destroy the bone that supports the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and form calculus (tartar) that can exacerbate the periodontal problem.
Flossing and brushing will help keep the calculus formation to a minimum, but regular maintenance is needed to professionally remove what has accumulated. During your maintenance cleaning, the hygienist will evaluate and record your periodontal pocket depths and check for hidden periodontal problems.
Maintenance visits to the periodontist can help prevent additional dental problems in the future, such as further bone and tooth loss. Treating the disease in its early stages can help save you from not only oral and overall health problems, but also money!